12 Types and Examples of Distorted Thinking
Mind Reading – When you make assumptions about what somebody is thinking or feeling without them telling you. In reality, you are delusional or paranoid.
Catastrophize – when you over think a problem and the effects that they will actually have on you. For example, when you think that losing a relationship means the end of your life when really you can find someone new the next day or down the line.
Filtering – when you only pay attention to one side of things. For example, you only remember the bad times you had in school and not the good ones.
Polarized thinking – when you think of things as either black or white or good or bad. For example, there can only be good or bad people or success or fails.
Personalization – when you take everything too personally. For example, when you think that everything people do or say is some kind of reaction to you.
Blaming – when you hold other people accountable for your problems. For example, you blame someone else for causing you to make a bad decision. In actuality, you were the one who made the wrong call based on your own judgement.
Being Right – You feel the need to prove that your opinions or actions are correct. For example, you neglect other people’s perspective in an argument.
Should’s – when you place sets of rules on yourself. For example, you think that you should go out whenever your friend asks you to.
Emotional Reading – When you use your emotions to make a decision or judgement. For example, you buy into a product because of how good it was marketed when really the product is not that good.
Fallacy of Change – when you think others should change for you and that your happiness depends on them changing. For example, you expect that person to stop being a jerk because you are being nice to them.
Heaven’s Reward Fallacy – when you expect that all your sacrifices or hard work to pay off. For example, you think that if you work hard enough, you should get a reward.
Overgeneralization – when you carry a problem over to other domains. When you fail a math test, you think that you are not good with anything to do with numbers.
Hope you like my examples and definitions. Feel free to share with me yours.